Public Health

men and women wearing mask

Why TRT Doctors are Thinking that Testosterone is the Reason Why Men are Faring Worse With COVID-19?

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Gleaning from the recent statistics of the COVID-19 casualties, we’ll see that men are hit on a much harder scale than women. As a matter of fact, a study was headed and published by  Frontiers in Public Health,  according to their report men are dying two times the rate of women, irrespective of age, after contracting the novel coronavirus. Now, here is our million-dollar question for this: 

Why is this even possible? What could be the underlying reason for this? Last month, June of 2020, the “Andrology” published their analysis of these studies which led them to propose that the male sex hormone, testosterone, could be the underlying reason for the problem.  

Below are some of the theories from TRT Sydney experts that could explain the reason why testosterone is behind the high mortality rate of men with COVID-19. 

Testosterone May Induce Protein Production that Promote Virus Activity

Several types of research are proving that testosterone is capable of regulating the production and activity of ACE2. This is a type of protein receptor that is responsible for the ingress of a virus into cells, and working alongside this is the TMPRSS2, a co-receptor protein that is responsible for activating the virus.  

Studies on these protein receptors from years ago show that they worked the same way in facilitating the SARS-CoV-1 virus into cells. In line with this, the current studies being done with COVID-19 research are giving positive indications to scientists that these same proteins function similarly concerning the SARS-CoV-2.  

Testosterone Levels Plummet When They Are Ill 

One of the reasons that can bring about a sudden, drastic drop in testosterone levels of men is when they fall seriously ill. The male human body needs to have normal levels of testosterone because this will help in protecting the normal functioning of cells that are lining the blood vessels. It also keeps the body from having a defective immune response.  

Having a reduced amount of testosterone levels due to a serious illness could impair the male human body from clearing itself from virus infections. So much so that when they get infected with the novel coronavirus, there is a good chance that their overall health would spiral down. 

The Male Tendency to Developing a Belly Fat is Putting Them in Harm’s Way of Inflammation

Men’s bodies have a natural tendency to develop obesity in the abdominal area against their adipose tissue and one of the underlying reasons for which is the overproduction of androgenic hormones, particularly testosterone. We are more familiar with this as the belly fat, a kind of tissue that is generating inflammatory cytokines. The purpose of these small proteins is mainly for cell signaling. 

Besides, this also explains why there are higher incidences of cardiovascular diseases in men as well as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and respiratory diseases such as bronchitis, asthma, emphysema, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 

Men who happen to have metabolic issues or preexisting obesity concerns, when they contract this type of virus in their lungs are more vulnerable since they already have pre-existing peripheral inflammation.  

Too Much and Too Little Testosterone — Can They Both Increase Your Risk? 

This is how the world of hormones work, it can be a bit confusing and complicated too. Different doses of these hormones are likely to induce different effects on the human body, at different receptor sites. They can also create different impacts on different endocrine contexts. 

For example, one of the forms of estrogen is estradiol, which is responsible for bone growth during the puberty period which usually occurs when it binds itself to at least one kind of higher concentration receptor.

This will induce the epiphyses, or the long bone’s end-most part, to fuse – signaling the end of the bone growth process. This will occur when it takes on a binding process to a receptor which may be active only when in higher concentrations. 

Andrology theory studies may come a bit challenging and somehow difficult to reconcile, the impact and influence of testosterone as a hormone during an illness could be different and in many different contexts.

kids plunging in swimming pool

How Does the Pool and Spa Warehouse Managers Kill the Coronavirus with Chlorine?

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Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, many people are wondering if taking a dip in community pools on a muggy afternoon would be safe. If you have been keeping an eye on the latest news about the coronavirus and how it is contracted, you’d have known that it can’t possibly spread through chlorinated pool water. 

Does this signify that chlorine normally used by pool and spa warehouses normally used in swimming pools and hot tubs is potent enough to exterminate the coronavirus itself? 

The scientific and medical communities are still learning about the nature of coronavirus. So far, this is one of the facts that we have uncovered about them. 

The use of chlorine on surfaces can kill the coronavirus.  

kids plunging in swimming pool

Regular household cleaning products that are chlorine-based such as bleaching agents can be used to disinfect hard surfaces and thus exterminate germs upon contact, and fortunately, this includes viruses, too.  

According to the US Environmental Protection Agency or EPA, provided that these kinds of cleaning agents are used as directed, chlorine bleach products can be taken advantage of as our first line of defense against COVID-19. 

However, it is important to keep in mind that chlorine-based disinfectants are intended for cleaning hard surfaces only. You should not even apply them to fabrics or use it on cleaning soft materials. If you are using home-cleaning products of this kind, you should not even dare apply them on your bare skin.  

Cleaning high-touch surfaces and disinfecting the same is of paramount importance, most especially now that we are faced with an unseen nemesis. This would include light switches, countertops, phones, and doorknobs. Getting yourself into the habit of constantly cleaning these things will keep the coronavirus at bay.  

When using bleach or a chlorine-based cleaning agent, veer away from combining them with products that have ammonia or vinegar in them. Doing so will run the risks of releasing noxious gases into the surrounding air and when that happens, people around may suffer from difficulty in breathing. 

Chlorinated Pool and Hot Tub Water Exterminates Known and Unknown Viruses

To clean and exterminate germs, bacteria, as well as known and unknown viruses that may be harboring in your pool and hot tub water, the right amount of chlorine should be added to it. The right concentration in the water of chlorine should be under your close watch, otherwise, disproportionate amounts of it will run the risk of losing the effectiveness of its disinfectant properties. This explains the reason why most of the time community pool and spa warehouse managers would keep on testing and gauging the water chlorine and pH levels several times a day, and thus make adjustments to chlorine level concentration as necessary.  

According to the CDC or US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, provided that community pools and public water parks and playgrounds are properly maintained, the chlorinated pool water in them should be more than good enough as far as inactivating the coronavirus is concerned. This measure will help deter the virus from spreading even further.  

With regard to what the scientific and medical community knows about viruses and chlorine, there is a good chance that it is safe to swim in  properly maintained pools, but there is no reason to  veer away from proper hand hygiene and social distancing.